However, the application of this technology in food processing industry is still in its early stages. Microwave heating principles and the application to the. In those applications, microwave heating demonstrates significant advantages over conventional methods in reduced processing time and less environmental impacts. Microwave processing of food materials has gained significant attention due to the volumetric heating effect and shorter processing time compared to conventional processing methods. The extreme high temperatures attained in a closed. Microwave heating is known for its operational safety and nutrient retention capacity with minimal loss of heatlabile nutrients such as vitamins b and c, dietary antioxidants, phenols and carotenoids. Shorter processing time, high energy efficiency and faster heating are the main advantages that the. Microwave heating processes are currently applied in many fields. Induction heating is an electromagnetic heating technology that has several advantages such as high safety, scalability, and high energy efficiency.
Microwave heating 011 its own has led to few commercially successful processes. Microwave heating in the food industry ieee xplore. Microwave heating has gained popularity in food processing due to its ability to achieve high heating rates, significant reduction in cooking. In recent years, microwave heating has been increasingly popular all over the world, in particular for modern household foodprocessing applications, due to increased economic merits in many developing countries such as steady economic growth, high disposable income, etc. Jan 14, 2015 applications of microwave heating heating food. Pdf the usage of microwave heating for food processing is continuously developing globally. Focusing on industrial and labscale applications where rf heating has been employed successfully or reported to have potential benefits over. Application of induction heating in food processing and. Thermal processing is one o the most widely used unit operations employed in the ood industry and is requenumz deter. Shorter drying times for thermally sensitive products like food require the use of microwave technology under vacuum atmosphere. Microwave heating principles 2 where pav is the average power. Microwave heating has found many applications ranging from the microwave ovens in kitchen to heat food, to a sterilization apparatus for medical treatment, to materials processing in the various fields. These fields interact with the food, leading to heat generation and a rise in temperature. Food is attacked by the oven and thus the food gets heated from all forces.
The reduction of processing time may also potentially increase retention of nutrients in the thermally processed foods. Microwave heating has gained popularity in food processing due to. Microwave heating applications in f ood processing. Microwave heating is usually applied at the most popular of the frequencies allowed for ism industrial, scientific and medical applications, namely 915 896 in the uk and. Once microwave energy is absorbed, polar molecules and ions inside the food will rotate or collide according to the alternating electromagnetic field and heat is subsequently generated for cooking.
Industrial applications range from food tempering to rubber vulcanisation and from vacuum drying to sintering of ceramics. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, the microwave processing of foods is a standard reference for all those wishing to maximise the benefits of this important technology. Development of a computer simulation model for processing food in a microwave assisted thermal sterilization mats system f. Also, the weight of the food also determines the heating time of the food. Dec 28, 2016 induction heating is an electromagnetic heating technology that has several advantages such as high safety, scalability, and high energy efficiency. The modeling of degradation kinetics of food components during microwave processing by using the timetemperatureconcentration data. The applications of microwave heating in food processing include drying, pasteurization, sterilization, thawing, tempering, baking of food materials etc. Microwave heating has been extensively applied everyday in households and the food industry 4. Microwaves have been applied in a broad range of food processing such as drying, tempering, blanching, cooking, pasteurization, sterilization, and baking. Each part of the heated object generates heat, so even for those objects with complicated shape, it can be heated relatively uniform.
Microwave ovens and food safety the microwave oven is one of the great inventions of the 20th century. Instantaneous turnon and off of the process allows for a more precise process control, better energy usage, and cleaner working. The rather slow spread of food industrial microwave applications has a number of reasons. Advantages of microwave processing for a certain food product will derive from the specific product properties, state, shape and thickness as well as the processing system design. Microwave sterilization equipment the increasingly development of microwave technology and the growing demand for industrial sterilization have made. Freshly extracted sugarcane juice samples were thermally treated by microwave heating. The effect of ir on food quality attributes is discussed in the context of samples and process parameters.
In recent years, microwave heating has been increasingly popular all over the world, in particular for modern household food processing applications, due to increased economic merits in many developing countries such as steady economic growth, high disposable income, etc. Microwave heating has vast applications in the field of food processing over a period of several decades. Dielectric heating, also known as electronic heating, radio frequency heating, and highfrequency heating, is the process in which a radio frequency rf alternating electric field, or radio wave or microwave electromagnetic radiation heats a dielectric material. The mathematical modeling on microwave power absorption during microwave processing can be carried out based on either lamberts law or maxwells equations. Radiofrequency rf heating is a volumetric heating method, which provides fast and deeper heat generation within food matrices. Jan 30, 2008 ir heating in other miscellaneous food processing operations the usefulness of ir heating has also been demonstrated in various other food processing applications such as roasting, frying, broiling, heating, and cooking meat and meat products, soy beans, cereal grains, cocoa beans, and nuts. Oct 16, 20 ability to heat solid, semisolid and meal combination food products more rapid heating and preservation of sensory and nutritional quality possibility of ascetic packaging high throughout of processed foods possibility of incorporation of microwave processing equipment in the existing processing lines. Ohmic heating is the newest and least used of the three technologies. One obvious example of microwave heating is in a microwave oven. Microwave absorption microwave heating is based upon the capacity of a material to absorbtheelectromagneticenergy. Microwave heating is a volumetric heating process, where heat is generated evenly throughout the entire volume of the food material. Microwave applications in thermal food processing intechopen. Pdf microwave heating in food processing researchgate.
It has been applied for a long time in metal processing, medical applications, and cooking. E ach part of the heated object ge nerates heat, so even fo r those objec ts with. Itisknownthatindielectric materials the external electric. It is urgent to improve the environmental technology of industrial production equipment. Microwave baking equipment as we all know, with the globalization of economy and trade, environmental pollution is becoming more and more internationalized. Microwave ovens can play an important role at mealtime, but special care must be taken when cooking or reheating meat, poultry, fish, and eggs to make sure they are prepared safely. Electromagnetic and heat transfer modeling of microwave. Ability to heat solid, semisolid and meal combination food products more rapid heating and preservation of sensory and nutritional quality possibility of ascetic packaging high throughout of processed foods possibility of incorporation of microwave processing equipment in the existing processing lines. Effect of microwave heating on flavour generation and food. The final part of the book covers the key area of process measurement and control to ensure more uniform heating of food products. Thermal processing of food page 1 safefood 360, nc. The usage of microwave heating for food processing is continuously developing globally.
Industrial microwave technology inches toward mainstream for 30 years, microwave technology has been relegated to niche applications in food processing. This trend also seems to be associated with increased awareness about the benefits of nutritious and healthy foods as well. The present work describes the effects of three different heat treatments to extend the shelf life and quality of sugarcane juice. Potentials of microwave heating technology for select food. Complex microwave tunnel oven are equipped with an endless. Frequency for food application, only two frequencies are allocated for microwave heating 915 and 2450 mhz and,therefore, these frequencies are of special interest. The 915 mhz singlemode microwave sterilization technology developed at washington state university can reduce the heating time of packaged foods to 14 to 110 of. Basic physical concepts of microwave hightemperature processing 2. Simple microwave oven is a metal cabinet into which the magnetron is attached. It has been reported that ohmic heating is suitable for viscous products and foods containing particles, and this method is considered to be a promising technique for the aseptic processing of foods 3. Microwave heating involves conversion of electromagnetic energy into heat by selective absorption and dissipation. The development and application of microwave heating. Almost every home in north america has at least one. Microwave baking equipment leader microwave equipment.
Effect of microwave processing on water soluble vitamins. Microwave energy, on the other hand, has been employed especially to produce rapid and unique heating effects, one application of which can be food preservation. The basic structure of microwave heating device below, a microwave oven is relatively simple system consisting of a high power source, a wave guide. Food with higher moisture content will be heated up faster because of the dipolar interaction.
Microwave heating is caused by the ability of the materials to absorb microwave energy and convert it into heat. Microwave heating the principles of microwave heating as applied to industrial processing are outlined and the basic design of applicators for material processing is described. Due to the limited space, this overview cannot be complete. Since the heating migration in microwave processing occurs from the initial and hottest locations in the interior of the food, it is difficult to locate and assess the cold point, as in traditional thermal methods. Radiofrequency applications for food processing and safety. The development and application of microwave heating intechopen. Pdf microwave application for food processing omosun. Part of the bioresource and agricultural engineering commons, and the food processing commons pitchai, krishnamoorthy, electromagnetic and heat transfer modeling of microwave heating in domestic ovens 2011. Linked to this, there are difficulties in moderating the problems of microwave heating applications. In this chapter an overview of microwave heating as one method of thermal food processing is presented.
Microwave heating microwave heating, which uses electromagnetic energy in the frequency range 3003000 mhz, can be used successfully to heat many dielectric materials. At higher frequencies, this heating is caused by molecular dipole rotation within the dielectric. Principles and applications covers the fundamentals of radiofrequency rf heating and the use of rfheating technologies in modern food processing, preservation, and related industries. Relevance of dielectric properties in microwave assisted.
Irradiation, microwave, and ohmic processing of foods. This equation shows that greater electric field strengths are required at lower frequencies to obtain the same power. Microwave ovens and food safety food safety and inspection. The rapid and uniform heating associated with microwaves should be ideal for aseptic processing. The 915 mhz singlemode microwave sterilization technology developed at washington state university can.
Mw processing has been attracting extensive attention both in agriculture and industry, including food processing, paper manufacturing, medicine, chemical engineering, and metallurgy mujumdar, 2007. Microwave processing an overview sciencedirect topics. Effect of microwave heating on flavour generation and food processing 21 temperature attainable is not limited to the temperature of the heating medium, as in conventional heating, but depends only on the microwave power applied and the rate at which the sample can lose heat. The effects of conventional thermal, microwave heating. Pdf microwave application for food processing researchgate. Datasheet pdf freeze microwave drying of food fricke and mallah have acquired a recognised expertise in freeze microwave drying. A microwave oven uses dielectric heating to cook food. Ir heating in other miscellaneous food processing operations the usefulness of ir heating has also been demonstrated in various other food processing applications such as roasting, frying, broiling, heating, and cooking meat and meat products, soy beans, cereal grains, cocoa beans, and nuts. Microwave oven is one of the most commonly used appliances for heating food. When you place food in a microwave oven and press the start button, electromagnetic waves oscillate within the oven at a frequency of 2. Microwave energy and its application in food industry. Cookers, dryers, and ovens technology industrial microwave technology inches toward mainstream for 30 years, microwave technology has been relegated to niche applications in food processing. Electromagnetic and heat transfer modeling of microwave heating in domestic ovens.810 1575 1294 1391 1056 1616 1590 1346 40 709 11 31 129 507 236 1252 534 1379 1270 1435 85 1031 1636 931 959 413 912 1550 225 1124 416 1040 12 1328 315 1239 246 738